Renaissance in Italy
Renaissance was a broad cultural movement that originated in Europe, more specifically in Italy, which took place in the 15th century and continued onto to the next century. Renaissance marks the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the early modern age. The most representative events that took place during this golden age are related to the field of arts and aesthetics, but also there was a period of renewal in the natural sciences and the humanities. Florence, Italy, was the birthplace of this movement, which then spread throughout Europe.
Renaissance was the result of the dissemination of ideas about Humanism, which determined a new conception about mankind and the world. The term “Renaissance” was used in order to vindicate certain elements of classical Greek and Roman culture and was originally applied as a way of returning to the main values of the Greco-Roman culture and the free contemplation of nature. This came after many centuries that saw the predominance of a rather barbaric, dogmatic set of ideas and values in medieval Europe. In this context, a new way of seeing the world and the human being would emerge, with new approaches in the fields of arts, politics, philosophy and science, replacing the medieval Theocentrism with Anthropocentrism.
From a perspective regarding the general artistic developments in Italy, the Renaissance broke many stylistic structures. The Renaissance period was not a standalone phenomenon, from a chronological and geographical point of view, given that its scope transcended boundaries and extended all the way to other European cultures and the newly discovered American territories. The development of Renaissance coincided with the beginning of the early modern age, marked by the consolidation of European states overseas, transoceanic trips to America, the collapse of feudalism, the rise of the bourgeoisie class and the affirmation of capitalism.