Arquitecture in Italy
The architecture of Italy, often simply referred to as “Italian architecture”, is considered to have attained throughout history the highest artistic, historical and architectural levels as regards cultural heritage of the world. It is then no coincidence that the largest number of World Heritage Sites singled out by UNESCO are in Italy.
There are probably about a thousand different architectural styles in the country and very different from each other. They can not simply be classified by period, but must also be classified by region, due to the division of Italy into various city states and territories until the year of unification, in 1861. Italy is known for the many architectural techniques developed by Italian artists. For example, Italians have always been considered masters in the construction of arches, dome, and similar structures, fame acquired during Roman rule of Europe. Renaissance architecture flourished during the late 14th century, of which one of the most prominent styles was the Palladian style. This movement is thought to have inspired neoclassical architecture and influenced the design of cottages in the UK, Australia, and the United States between the 17th century and the 20th century.
Several of the most renown works of Western architecture, including the Colosseum and the Roman Baroque (churches and palaces), the Quirinal Palace in Rome, the Royal Palace of Caserta in Naples, the Milan Cathedral, the Cathedral of Florence and most of the buildings in Venice are perhaps the biggest exemplars of refined Italian architectural beauty. It has been estimated that Italy has more than a 100 thousand architectural monuments (museums, palaces, churches, villas, fountains, historic houses and archaeological remains). Italy ranks as the country with the largest number of historical monuments in the world, followed by France.
The architecture of Italy has also had a profound impact on architecture worldwide. The term “Italianate architecture” has been popular all over Europe since the 14th century.